Xiaofang holds a PhD from National Institute of Education (NIE), Nanyang Technological University (NTU) in Singapore. She has years of experience in conducting both qualitative and quantitative educational research. Prior to joining IAL, she was involved in quite a number of research projects in NIE specializing on classroom interaction, pedagogy and professional development. Her main research interests cover pedagogy, professional development, adult education and workplace learning. Xiaofang is currently researching CET learners’ sense- making to inform pedagogical innovations in blended learning.